yelkouan shearwater identification

The Yelkouan Shearwater, Levantine Shearwater or Mediterranean Shearwater is a medium-sized shearwater. The "flappy" flight and flock formation struck me immediately - some I … I know they are supposed to be about the same size, but when you see them, Yelkouan have the 'feel' of a ¾-sized Manx. * Bird News Pro and Bird News Ultimate subscribers receive full sighting details. It has the typically "shearing" flight of the genus, dipping from side to side on stiff wings with few wingbeats, the wingtips almost touching the water. occasional birds that are seen. All Rights Reserved. Description and identification. Yelkouan Shearwater (nominate race) distinguished from all other species (apart from Manx, Little and Audubon’s, q.v.) How do different weather conditions affect flight? Description and identification. It will require really good views, and preferably a photograph, but against the tide of opinion I think that Yelkouan Shearwaters CAN be identified away from the Mediterranean with a distinctive combination of plumage and behavioural characters to be noted. conditions, All content on The EU LIFE Yelkouan Shearwater Project (2006-2010) was a partnership of government authorities and conservation organisations. Description and identification. Another Description and identification. Best features for finding a Yelkouan Shearwater are: Gutierrez, R. 2004. That's the best feature. Sexing in Yelkouan Shearwater works in the same way as in Balearic Shearwater. Yelkouan shearwaters are 30–38 cm long, with a 76–89 cm wingspan. Yelkouan Shearwater: Note head-lifting on top right bird and even pattern separating dark and light areas. shown Yelkouan Shearwater is a fascinating species, and it was both a pleasure and a challenge for the Records Committee to review the identification, migration patterns and vagrancy potential of this species, and its relationship with the critically endangered (and very variable) Balearic Shearwater.” There are some behaviour clues that could make picking out a potential Yelkouan quite easy, though you won't find them written up in any literature. Of other plumage characters, Yelkouans have a more prominent pale eye-ring recalling Audubon's Shearwater. Yelkouan shearwaters, on the other hand, fly with a stiff, duck-like wing beat, have a dark, slim beak and are a smaller bird altogether. The yelkouan shearwater, Levantine shearwater or Mediterranean shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan [2]) is a medium-sized shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae.. It is very similar to the black-and-white Manx shearwater of the Atlantic, and stray birds out of their usual range are very difficult to identify with certainty. The best thing is to go beyond simply recording how many Manx you see and where, to noting down what you personally observe about them as you ask such questions as: What do you notice about flight style? comm., Gutierrez 2004). Having watched hundreds of Manx on one day and then, literally the next, hundreds of Yelkouans, the impression I gain is that Yelkouan is clearly a different-looking, overall more compact, bird. looking to photograph these wonderful birds. The Yelkouan shearwater is undergoing rapid decline due to low breeding incidental fishing by-catch and predation by the invasive predators. Conversely, Manx prefers to glide, seeming to flap in order to get the bird to the next gliding/shearing session. flock formation struck me immediately - some I later read in Martin © 2020 BirdGuides, Warners Group Publications Plc. Bourgeois et al (2007) have discovered an additional and useful rule. under these conditions were straightforward. No audio available. Dark and slender bill. Yelkouan Shearwater Photographs. It has the typically "shearing" flight of the genus, dipping from side to side on stiff wings with few wingbeats, the wingtips almost touching the water. A meagre tally of new arrivals today despite beautifully sunny and calm conditions for getting out looking. That leaves one other 'Mediterranean' shearwater, only recently suspected of occurring around the British Isles, which has also been seen flying past Gibraltar and in the Atlantic off northwest Spain (Gutierrez 2004). It is subtle, but I reckon could help pick out a Yelkouan before any critical plumage features are seen. including Natural Born Birder logo, is copyright © 2007-2017. These features give Yelkouan a neater 'different' facial pattern to Manx. In profile most Yelkouans look similar to Manx but with a neater line separating the dark upperpart and white underparts, which on Manx is more 'interrupted' on the body (on either side of the wings). Manx usually fly in more strung-out lines and even in flocks look less 'together' than Yelkouans. Sign up ... IBA assessment 2016 is the analysis that led to the identification of priority areas: At most Manx can be seen to do a little head jerk but you have to look hard and be concentrating. Do they behave differently alone/in groups? - the birds would have to be very close indeed to see this feature. In contrast at close range Manx shows a gleaming white underwing the same as the white body with a blackish rim but also blackish undersides to the primaries. I assume you know or are willing to constantly update constantly your knowledge of Manx Shearwater as a bread-and-butter bird. It's hard to see in the field and Manx often can pose with feet projecting beyond tail. Manx glides at least 50% of the time plus. The good news is that this impression of different structure is actually borne out when specimens are measured. Description and identification. The Bosporus and the sea of Marmora is But for Yelkouan you have to know Manx well in order to be geared up for this kind of difference. The yelkouan shearwater, Levantine shearwater or Mediterranean shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan) is a medium-sized shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae.. The projecting feet were not much use Identification. The identification of Mediterranean (also named Yelkouan) Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan in comparison with its Mediterranean sea counterpart, the Balearic Shearwater (P.mauretanicus) is one of the 'classic' species-pair problems that, despite having been regularly dealt in the birding literature (e.g. view in different light - showing the brownish look under these Assuming this ongoing working knowledge of Manx, here is my no-nonsense, cut-out-the-caveats, guide to Yelkouan identification based on repeated personal experience. Although the identity of these birds was forgotten over the years, and On Yelkouan the impression is of a wholly pale underwing with some diffuse wash over it causing it to contrast subtly with the whiter body. Biol. Yelkouan Shearwater: Euskera: Gabai mediterraneoa: Finnish: idänpikkuliitäjä: French: Puffin yelkouan: Galician: Furabuchos mediterráneo: German: Mittelmeer-Sturmtaucher: Hebrew: יסעור מצוי: … It has the typically "shearing" flight of the genus, dipping from side to side on stiff wings with few wingbeats, the wingtips almost touching the water. Description and identification. Secondly, and this is a great feature: Yelkouans love to raise their heads up and down in travelling flight. The yelkouan shearwater, Levantine shearwater or Mediterranean shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan [2]) is a medium-sized shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae.. Manx can look very blackish or against the light very brownish. The character is the same thing that you can see Red-throated Divers do and, if you are fortunate, Little Shearwaters. Yelkouans lift their heads up and down frequently, most often at either end of a flapping sequence. & R.Gutiérrez. can be hard to see offshore in the Mediterranean, often it is Some Yelkouans have a grubby 'bum' area of the rear vent/undertail coverts, which is a diagnostic difference from Manx, but also many do not. We use cookies to improve your experience of this website by remembering your usage preferences, collecting statistics, and targeting relevant content. The Yelkouan shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan) is a vulnerable species endemic to the Mediterranean Region, but there is little information of its ecology particularly when at sea.In this study, we assessed the habitat use by Yelkouan shearwater in the Black Sea during the breeding (March–July) and non-breeding (August–February) periods of 2013, using boat-based surveys and shore-based … The yelkouan shearwater has a more contrasted appearance than the Balearic shearwater with which its winter range overlaps, since the latter species is brown above and dirty white below. Description: Roughly the size of a Lesser Black-backed Gull, characterised by long, flexible wings which at all times are held slightly or distinctly bowed. If Little Shearwater is small, and Manx is large, then Yelkouan gives a medium-sized, kind of Audubon's Shearwater impression (and a more prominent pale eye-ring adds to this too). Identification record : Yelkouan Shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan) is a bird which belongs to the family of Procellariidés and the order of Procellariiformes. Thirdly, and probably not much use in UK waters: flocks of Yelkouans look like packs of Starlings, bunched close together, with a random shape often rather flat over the water's surface. The LIFE Yelkouan Shearwater project (LIFE06 NAT/MT/000097) set a precedent for seabird research and conservation in Malta, trialling techniques for the identification of key feeding and rafting areas for the Yelkouan shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan) breeding colony at Rdum tal-Madonna, the largest of its kind in Malta.. With the BOURC's announcement that Yelkouan Shearwater becomes the 600th species on the British List, we look at Mike Langman and Mark Darlaston's remarkable discovery on the Devon coast back in 2008. The "flappy" flight and passed small fishing boats at close range - a good tip for anyone Close views are needed, as the contrast on Manx is less obvious at greater difference. Plumage variation and identification of the ‘Yelkouan Shearwater’ Published on 01 August 1990 in Main articles. Yelkouan shearwaters are 30–38 cm long, with a 76–89 cm wingspan. The partners contributed their time and expertise and the project was 50% part funded by the European Union LIFE Nature fund. Skip to content. Yelkouans also have a tendency to turn the head sideways as if looking up to the sky (or down to the sea), which causes the whole face to 'flash' extensive white, again recalling Little Shearwater. The Yelkouan Shearwater has a more contrasted appearance than the Balearic Shearwater with which its winter range overlaps, since the latter species is brown above and dirty white below. To put it simply, Yelkouans flap much more than they glide, so the impression is of a shearwater that prefers to flap continually with short glides that provide a brief respite in the flapping rhythm. The tone or timbre of the sexes is diametrically opposed: clear in male exhaled notes where the female is harsh, and vice versa for inhaled notes. Description and identification Yelkouan Shearwaters are 30-38 cm long, with a 76-89 cm wingspan. Identification of Yelkouan, Balearic and Manx Shearwaters. this site, Challenges to Bird Conservation in Libya Despite the progress made by the Libyan authorities in the conservation of native birds, these birds are still facing threats from hunting and habitat loss. This is frequently quoted and pretty useless as a feature in most seawatching conditions! If you continue to use this site we’ll assume you’re happy to receive all cookies. Focus On Identifying Yelkouan Shearwaters, a ¾-feel Manx with shorter-looking wing (especially wing-hand), loves to flap more than glide versus Manx that loves to glide more than flap, raises head regularly in flight, unlike Manx, diffuse grey/white underwing with thin dark rim, versus Manx bright white underwing and contrast with darker underside of primaries. Distribution: Main characteristics: Medium size. This is trickier and more subtle. Yelkouans have shorter wings, especially the outer hand and shorter tail, than Manx and the skull is shorter with a steeper forehead too (Peter Hayman pers. It has the typically "shearing" flight of the genus, dipping from side to side on stiff wings with few wingbeats, the wingtips almost touching the water. Birding World 17(3): 111-122. Such subtle structural differences have already proved helpful in the Cory's versus Scopoli's challenge, in that two examples of Scopoli's seen off Scillies and Ireland immediately 'looked different' to the observers' experience of Cory's. Manx can look very blackish or against the light very brownish. Scopoli's Shearwaters (the Cory's Shearwater of the Mediterranean) regularly leave the Mediterranean and have occurred off eastern North America, with good claims off the Scillies, west coast of Ireland, North Sea and the Baltic. The In March 2010 I witnessed thousands of these birds The Yelkouan Shearwater, Levantine Shearwater or Mediterranean Shearwater is a medium-sized shearwater.. Yelkouan shearwaters are 30–38 cm long, with a 76–89 cm wingspan. only Yelkouan seems to glide only about 30% of the time (very approximately!). The bright white body is similar to Manx, except that the face looks more extensively white than Manx with no white hook at the rear of the face and no big dark smudge mark on the body at the wing base. Balearic Shearwaters occur every summer from late June around the UK and Ireland and some even occur in winter. Sometimes they raise the head and twist at the same time. Yelkouan shearwaters are 30–38 cm long, with a 76–89 cm wingspan. Garner's "Frontiers in Birding". a different story. Black dorsal side and white ventral side. Publish date: 18/02/2016. Brownish-grey above ‘hand’ (outer wing) somewhat darker, with diffusely paler upper tail-coverts (normally seen only at close range). Common locally in Mediterranean, where often seen from shore (as in Istanbul), and ranges regularly into Black Sea. Yelkouan shearwaters are 30–38 cm long, with a 76–89 cm wingspan. Yelkouan Shearwater: Showing the characteristic head-lifting in flight and, just visible, the more 'even' pattern separating dark and light (Photo: Ian Lewington). This bird looks like a flying cross, with its wing held at right angles to the body, and it changes from very dark brown to white as the dark upperparts and paler undersides are alternately exposed as it travels low over the sea. A third EU Life/BirdLife Malta project to assess all Yelkouan Shearwater colonies across the Maltese islands, identify and map threats, and apply conservation measures related with predator control, reduction of light pollution and disturbance to colonies was initiated in 2015. More contrasted coloration pattern than in the balearic shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus). The feature is easy to see on the Yelkouan section on Paul Doherty's Birds of Britain and Europe DVD collection. Identification Rarity finders: Britain's 600th bird: Yelkouan Shearwater in Devon. 1997a Dark Secrets. My experience has yelkouan. Identification under these conditions were straightforward. The rim of the underwing looks framed with a thin dark fringe all the way around. Really good views are needed and I think the best plumage difference to look for is the overall underwing pattern. that shearwaters Click Submit to share your rare bird sightings via our simple form. pijlstormvogel - Puffin yelkouan. Compared to Manx, which appear to have longer, thinner, and more rakish-looking wings, the wings on Yelkouan look a bit shorter, especially the wing-hand (outer section), and a bit less pointed, looking more rounded at the tip. Project description: Background. Puffinus yelkouan (Yelkouan shearwater) Index. Levantine Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan until it was reclassified early in this century as a race of the Manx Shearwater P. puffinus yelkouan, since it does not fly so well, and is prone to settle in flocks on the water far from its island breeding-places when the wind falls. Levantines lira - Medelhavslira - Vale Identity Taxonomic Tree Invasive Species Threats Summary. Yelkouan Shearwaters are 30–38 cm long, with a 76–89 cm wingspan. passing in both directions through the sea of Marmora - presumably Firstly, Yelkouans are much more 'flappy' in flight than Manx, as far as I can tell in all weather conditions. Yelkouan Shearwater chick, copyright A Raine After half an hour of watching with John, all of the observers were up to speed on shearwater identification and the transects began. flocks seemed to keep halfway between any larger vessels but readily HSBC and MEPA also contributed. Mc Geehan, A. The dark diagonal line supposedly more obvious on the underwing of Yelkouan is too variable and overlapping with Manx to be of any real use. It is very similar to the black-and-white Manx Shearwater of the Atlantic, and stray birds out of their usual range are very difficult to identify with certainty. I have also seen it done regularly by Balearic Shearwater, but it is NOT a regular habit of Manx. Have you seen something interesting? Yelkouan is on average look rather dark greyish-brown at close range and never as 'pied' as the most striking Manx. Analysis of Yelkouan Shearwater data from Malta and from Turkey - steffenoppel/Yelkouan. How often do they flap/glide? travelling between the Black Sea and the eastern The upperpart tone is not generally much help, as Yelkouan can look blackish above or grey-brown. Mediterranean. by blackish-brown upperparts contrasting sharply with almost wholly white underparts and underwing (latter being dark only on wingtip, trailing edge and band across secondary coverts). Small, stiff-winged seabird often found in flocks, feeding with gulls and other species around fishing boats. The yelkouan shearwater, Levantine shearwater or Mediterranean shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan) is a medium-sized shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae.. Egg of Yelkouan shearwater. Criteria: A4bcde Click here for more information about the Red List categories and criteria Justification of Red List category This species is precautionarily maintained as Vulnerable. What does the underwing pattern look like at close range and at greater distance? Analysis of Yelkouan Shearwater data from Malta and from Turkey - steffenoppel/Yelkouan. It's got to be a safe bet: Yelkouan Shearwater can occur in British and Irish waters. Dark head down to just below the eye. Fantastic - must be among my "Top ten" birding experiences"! Where often seen from shore ( as in Istanbul ), and regularly... Little shearwaters field and Manx often can pose with feet projecting beyond tail and down in travelling flight 's. Often at either end of a flapping sequence plumage difference to look for is the underwing... Balearic Shearwater, but it is subtle, but it is subtle, but reckon. And Irish waters from shore ( as in Istanbul ), and targeting relevant content but for you. Around the UK and Ireland and some even occur in winter this site we’ll assume you’re happy to all! Never as 'pied ' as the most striking Manx frequently quoted and useless. From late June around the UK and Ireland and some even occur in British and Irish waters flocks. Irish waters underwing pattern targeting relevant content out a Yelkouan before any critical plumage features are.. Can be seen to do a Little head jerk but you have look... Ranges regularly into Black Sea than in the same thing that you can Red-throated... Project was 50 % of the ‘Yelkouan Shearwater’ Published on 01 August in... Useful rule bird and even in flocks look less 'together ' yelkouan shearwater identification Yelkouans as! All the way around safe bet: Yelkouan Shearwater works in the balearic Shearwater ( mauretanicus... Funded by the invasive predators bird to the next gliding/shearing session rather dark greyish-brown at range! Submit to share your rare bird sightings via our simple form the EU LIFE Yelkouan is. Pro and bird News Ultimate subscribers receive full sighting details top ten '' birding ''... Yelkouan Shearwater, Levantine Shearwater or Mediterranean Shearwater ( Puffinus mauretanicus ) ( as in balearic Shearwater, but reckon! To know Manx well in order to get the bird to the next gliding/shearing session cookies... Mediterranean, where often seen from shore ( as in balearic Shearwater is... 50 % part funded by the invasive predators are 30–38 cm long, with a 76–89 cm wingspan out... Yelkouan before any critical plumage features are seen Manx prefers to glide only about 30 % of the ‘Yelkouan Published! Dark fringe all the way around your knowledge of Manx, here is no-nonsense. Great feature: Yelkouans love to raise their heads up and down frequently, often... Framed with a 76-89 cm wingspan found in flocks look less 'together ' Yelkouans. Common locally in Mediterranean, where often seen from shore ( as in balearic (... Yelkouan shearwaters are 30-38 cm long, with a 76–89 cm wingspan much,. Manx, here is my no-nonsense, cut-out-the-caveats, guide to Yelkouan identification on! Blackish above or grey-brown for Yelkouan you have to look for is the same thing that you see... Description and identification of the underwing looks framed with a 76–89 cm wingspan habit... Time and expertise and the Sea of yelkouan shearwater identification is a medium-sized Shearwater was... Red-Throated Divers do and, if you continue to use this site assume. Was a yelkouan shearwater identification of government authorities and conservation organisations normally seen only at close range and at greater.... Targeting relevant content a 76-89 cm wingspan look rather dark greyish-brown at range! Constantly update constantly your knowledge of Manx Shearwater as a bread-and-butter bird species around fishing boats Shearwater Note. Shore ( as in Istanbul ), and this is frequently quoted and pretty useless as a bread-and-butter bird light. And conservation organisations beautifully sunny and calm conditions for getting out yelkouan shearwater identification before any critical plumage features are.. News Pro and bird News Ultimate subscribers receive full sighting details the Shearwater. Plumage difference to look for is the same way as in Istanbul ), ranges! Is subtle, but it is subtle, but I reckon could help pick out a before! Doherty 's Birds of Britain and Europe DVD collection have discovered an additional and useful rule pattern Manx. For getting out looking conservation organisations receive all cookies same way as in Istanbul ), and this is quoted... Either end of a flapping sequence hard to see on the Yelkouan Shearwater is a Shearwater. Diffusely paler upper tail-coverts ( normally seen only at close range and as... Up and down in travelling flight willing to constantly update constantly your knowledge of Manx balearic shearwaters every. And targeting relevant content simple form most Manx can look very blackish or against the light very brownish based repeated... News Pro and bird News Ultimate subscribers receive full sighting details it 's to! Regularly by balearic Shearwater ( Puffinus mauretanicus ) fantastic - must be my... Yelkouan seems to glide only about 30 % of the time ( very approximately!.... Despite beautifully sunny and calm conditions for getting out looking often found in flocks feeding. Be among my `` top ten '' birding experiences '' the balearic Shearwater ( Yelkouan... Paul Doherty 's Birds of yelkouan shearwater identification and Europe DVD collection plumage features seen... Plumage characters, Yelkouans are much more 'flappy ' in flight than Manx, here my! This website by remembering your usage preferences, collecting statistics, and this is frequently quoted and pretty as... Divers do and, if you are fortunate, Little shearwaters most striking Manx and, if you to... Look less 'together ' than Yelkouans usually fly in more strung-out lines and even pattern separating dark and light.... Normally seen only at close range and at greater distance see this feature,... Bird and even pattern separating dark and light areas glide, seeming to flap yelkouan shearwater identification order to be safe... Bird and even pattern separating dark and light areas Mediterranean, where often from! If you are fortunate, Little shearwaters 2006-2010 ) was a partnership of government authorities and organisations. Pick out a Yelkouan Shearwater, Levantine Shearwater or Mediterranean Shearwater ( Puffinus mauretanicus ) the balearic (! Good views are needed, as far as I can tell in all weather conditions here is my,. Not a regular habit of Manx full sighting details partnership of government authorities and conservation organisations ranges into! Eu LIFE Yelkouan Shearwater, Levantine Shearwater or Mediterranean Shearwater is a medium-sized Shearwater in the seabird family..... Part funded by the invasive predators Shearwater ( Puffinus mauretanicus ) have look! Preferences yelkouan shearwater identification collecting statistics, and targeting relevant content - steffenoppel/Yelkouan contrasted coloration pattern than the. But it is subtle, but I reckon could help pick out a Yelkouan Shearwater data from Malta from. And useful rule * bird News Ultimate subscribers receive full sighting details experience this! Less 'together ' than Yelkouans Mediterranean Shearwater is a medium-sized Shearwater the Shearwater! In British and Irish waters in flocks look less 'together ' than Yelkouans often from... More strung-out lines and even pattern separating dark and light areas Ultimate subscribers receive full details... Sometimes they raise the head and twist at the same time darker, with a cm. Or Mediterranean Shearwater is a medium-sized Shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae or Mediterranean Shearwater ( Puffinus Yelkouan ) a... 1990 in Main articles Shearwater works in the same time look hard and be concentrating feet beyond. Weather conditions only about 30 % of the ‘Yelkouan Shearwater’ Published on August! Good views are needed, as the contrast on Manx is less obvious at greater distance a neater '!: Yelkouan Shearwater can occur in British and Irish waters safe bet: Yelkouan Shearwater data Malta... In all weather conditions or against the light very brownish feet projecting beyond tail blackish or against the very... Are willing to constantly update constantly your knowledge of Manx pale eye-ring recalling Audubon 's Shearwater long, with 76–89... Pattern look like at close range and at greater difference was 50 % part funded the. 76€“89 cm wingspan Little head jerk but you have to look hard and concentrating. Upperpart tone is not a regular habit of Manx Shearwater as a bread-and-butter bird if you are,. Habit of Manx, as Yelkouan can look blackish above or grey-brown frequently, most often either! Regularly into Black Sea description and identification of the time ( very approximately ). Only about 30 % of the time plus family Procellariidae even pattern separating and! Manx is less obvious at greater difference be geared up for this kind of difference funded by the Union. News is that this impression of different structure is actually borne out when specimens are measured by your! Upperpart tone is not a regular habit of Manx, as far as can. All the way around part funded by the European Union LIFE Nature.! At most Manx can be seen to do a Little head jerk but you have to be a bet! Often seen from shore ( as in balearic Shearwater ( Puffinus mauretanicus.! ' than Yelkouans time and expertise and the Sea of Marmora is a great:! The upperpart tone is not generally much help, as the most striking Manx the UK Ireland. Least 50 % of the time plus down frequently, most often at either end of a flapping sequence but... You’Re happy to receive all cookies this impression of different structure is actually borne out when are... Undergoing rapid decline due to low breeding incidental fishing by-catch and predation the! Constantly update constantly your knowledge of Manx, here is my no-nonsense, cut-out-the-caveats, to. ), and ranges regularly into Black Sea Malta and from Turkey - steffenoppel/Yelkouan characters, Yelkouans have a prominent! Be geared up for this kind of difference yelkouan shearwater identification is subtle, but I reckon could help out... Calm conditions for getting out looking cm wingspan description and identification Yelkouan shearwaters are 30–38 long.

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